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Yes - it should be a priority whilst pregnant! A developing foetus has heightened nutritional needs, especially for essential fatty acids. If a mother to be does not include sufficient EFAs in her meals, the foetus' needs will cause her to drain herself of omega 3. This often causes worsened post-natal mood swings from a "drained brain". By ensuring a good supply, not only does the mother nourish her child, she also safeguards her ongoing sanity.

Another fabulous reason to keep good fats high when pregnant is the benefits of skin suppleness - well fed skin is less likely to stretch and scar in the same way dry, brittle skin is and when the baby is born, should return to its former glory more promptly.

No - fat holds a lot of calories in comparison to carbohydrates and protein, but this doesn't mean eating fat will make you fat. In fact, the fats in Udo's Choice Ultimate Oil Blend have been shown to support a weight loss programme.

Udo's should be kept refrigerated at all times. Once opened keep it in the fridge, preferably still in the box. Udo's Choice Ultimate Oil Blend will remain fresh for up to 8 weeks if stored in this way. You can also freeze Udo's for up to two years with no loss of flavour or benefit (don't worry, oils contract when they freeze, so the bottle won't break even if full!)

The cloudy layer is the "minor ingredients" of the oil, and includes things like lignans, phytosterols, carotene, etc. These are incredibly powerful elements that enhance the blend. Just shake the bottle before using.

Udo's is suitable for nearly all ages, from an infant through to the elderly. As soon as an infant is eating solid foods it is suitable to start using Udo's. As the amount of EFAs your body needs depends on your size, children only need enjoy a comparatively small amount daily.

Udo recommends that the optimum quantity of oil for children be calculated according to their weight, as follows:
1 x 15ml tablespoon of oil per 25kg/50lb of body weight per day. As with all new foods, start with a lot less than the optimum amount and mix the oil well with food, then gradually increase to the optimum amount as the children's digestion adapts to dealing with oil.

Fats and oils are processed by the liver. If you take in too much fat at one time, it can create a feeling of nausea. Don't worry, you aren't coming to any harm; simply reduce the amount of oil you are having at any one time. Ideally, use smaller amounts of oil through the day to help to enjoy the full benefits.

The simple answer is No. 
Based on available studies and on the variety and microbiotic characteristics of strains used, it is difficult to clearly establish the necessary daily dose required when taking Microbiotics. For the past 20 years, in North America, most Microbiotics products have been marketed with a minimum of 1 Billion micro-organisms per dose with various concentrations going as high as 50 Billion per dose. Moreover, it has been reported that numerous studies in humans suggest that lactic acid bacteria at a level 1 to 100 Billion per day can decrease the incidence, duration and severity of gastric and intestinal illnesses.  

An In vivo clinical study done on new-born infants (0-8 weeks) with orally administered bifidobacteria and lactobacilli at daily dosage of 9 Billion showed no side effects.  Another study carried out on 100 children aged from 6 to 60 months with a mix of B. infantis and L. acidophilus at a daily dose of 6 Billion bacteria (i.e.: one capsule of 2 Billion micro-organisms tid) concluded that oral bacterial therapy was an effective adjuvant therapy in rotavirus positive and negative children with diarrhea and could safely be administered during an episode of acute diarrhea.  Finally, two other clinical studies done with a highly concentrated probiotic formula (4 strains of lactobacilli, 3 strains of bifidobacteria and one strain of Streptococcus thermophilus) with daily dosages of 450 Billion and 3000 Billion were also well tolerated by all patients involved in these studies. , 

Based on this data and considering that the human’s natural intestinal flora is composed of over 400 species of bacteria and contains over 100 000 Billion micro-organisms, there is no risk in taking highly concentrated probiotics. As far as the minimum daily dose is concerned, based on our knowledge, the minimum recommended dose for adults should be 5 Billion while 1 Billion would be recommended for children. 


2. Journal of The American dietetic Association 2001 Feb; 101(10): 229-231
Prophylactic and therapeutic uses of probiotics : A  Review
Kopp-Hooloigan L.
Dairy Council of California
3. Acta Paediatr  1992 Oct; 81(10):784-7
Transient colonization of the gut of newborn infants by orally administered bifidobacteria and lactobacilli.
Bennet R, Nord CE, Zetterstrom R.
Department of Paediatrics, St-Goran's Children's Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
4. Acta Paediatr Taiwan  2001 Sep-Oct; 42(5):301-5
Oral bacterial therapy promotes recovery from acute diarrhea in children.
Lee MC, Lin LH, Hung KL, Wu HY.
Department of Pediatrics, Cathay General Hospital, 280, Section 4, Jen-Ai Road, Taipei, Taiwan.
5. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2003 Apr 1;17(7):895-904. 
A randomized controlled trial of a probiotic, VSL#3, on gut transit and symptoms in diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome. Kim HJ, Camilleri M, McKinzie S, Lempke MB, Burton DD, Thomforde GM, Zinsmeister AR.
Clinical Enteric Neuroscience Translational & Epidemiological Research Program, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.
6. Gastroenterology. 2000 Aug;119(2):305-9. 
Oral bacteriotherapy as maintenance treatment in patients with chronic pouchitis: a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Gionchetti P, Rizzello F, Venturi A, Brigidi P, Matteuzzi D, Bazzocchi G, Poggioli G, Miglioli M, Campieri M

 

Antibiotics will kill off all bacteria, whether good or bad, but studies now show that it is more beneficial to take a microbiotic at the same time as antibiotics then not at all. It is best to separate an antibiotic from a microbiotic by at least 4hrs.

The balance of strains is based on the purpose of the formula. This means either age specific or digestive tract area specific (mouth, small intestine, large intestine). It’s also based on any existing research as far as benefits for certain age groups and parts of the digestive tract.

Enteric coating is not needed as we test the natural gastric resistance with all our microbiotics. 

Some individuals are sensitive to FOS (fructo-oligosaccharides) and it causes excess wind and bloating. Udo Erasmus has always recommended to eat prebiotics from foods as the foundation diet.

Udo’s Choice Microbiotic Strains gastric resistance has been tested in vitro by reproducing the natural conditions found in the human’s stomach. All Udo’s Choice strains are able to survive 3 hours in a gastric solution at pH 3.0-4.0 at a temperature of 37C (the human body temperature) without suffering any loss in bacterial concentration. Knowing that on a full stomach, acidic pH reaches 5.0-6.0 levels, microbiotic supplements should therefore be taken after meals in order to facilitate the safe passage of bacteria from the stomach to the gut.

Yes, we state on the label how many cells per capsule are at manufacturing and how many are guaranteed at expiry. All our microbiotics have a two year shelf life.

Udo’s Choice recommend to refrigerate their microbiotics for optimal storage, this way they will lose between 1%-2% in concentration per month. Thus, a product claiming to have 10 Billion per dose at expiry date (18 months shelf life) should be produced at a concentration of about 15 Billion bacteria at time of manufacture.

In order to maximize active cells concentration and therefore potency, Microbiotics should preferably always be kept in refrigerated conditions. On the other end, there is no problem in keeping them at room temperature for a certain period of time as bacteria concentration will only slowly decrease in these conditions. For example, microbiotics can be kept at room temperature for 3-4 weeks when travelling and thus can be used as a preventive measure against Traveller’s diarrhoea either on a business or vacation trip.

Yes, all our microbiotics capsules can be opened and added to food.

In vivo clinical studies have been done on new-born infants (0-8 weeks) with orally administered bifidobacteria and lactobacilli at daily dosage of 9 Billion bacteria and on 100 children aged from 6 to 60 months with a mix of B. infantis and L. acidophilus at a dose of 6 Billion bacteria per day.  Both studies concluded that oral bacterial therapy were effective in low age infants suffering from diarrhoea and could safely be administered without any side effects.

Some companies are claiming that storing different strains and species in the same bottle for extended periods of time may cause dramatic shifts in the proportions of micro-organisms present. 

This is another marketing story... 
Lactic acid bacteria strains from human and dairy origin are normal inhabitants of human’s intestinal flora. If they are compatible to live well together (as they are) when active inside the intestinal tract at 37C, needless to say that they will also live well together when kept refrigerated at 4C in an inactive state. In reality, when they are kept refrigerated, Lactic Bacteria strains are in a dormant phase, totally inactive and will only be reactivated once they are back in their natural environment inside the intestinal tract.

In any event, all strains in Udo’s Choice Microbiotics have been tested in-vitro for their compatibility (i.e.: SCT = Strains Compatibility Test). In these tests, all strains included in a specific blend, are grown simultaneously on Petri Dishes for 24-72 hours at 37C to ensure that there are no inhibitory effects (bacteriostatic or bactericid) when they are mixed together.

 

Based on the fact that the use of different lactic species in a single formula more closely approximates the normal composition of intestinal flora, we should favour microbiotic formulations composed of many strains. These complexes better reflect the natural flora composition and since microbiotic properties are different from one strain to another, each will contribute specific inhibitive functions against pathogenic or putrefactive micro-organisms. Microbiotic complexes are also more recommendable since each human’s intestinal flora has a unique bacteria community (very similar to fingerprints) and is personalised to each individual.  Therefore, each person will react differently to the absorption of the same microbiotic strain. For some individuals, L. acidophilus might be the most efficient strain while for others L. rhamnosus or L. casei might adapt more easily to their intestinal flora. This is why microbiotics complexes composed of a larger strain variety will likely be more effective than a single strain product.


1. Acta Paediatr  1992 Oct; 81(10):784-7
Transient colonization of the gut of newborn infants by orally administered bifidobacteria and lactobacilli.
Bennet R, Nord CE, Zetterstrom R.
Department of Paediatrics, St-Goran's Children's Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
2. Acta Paediatr Taiwan  2001 Sep-Oct; 42(5):301-5
Oral bacterial therapy promotes recovery from acute diarrhea in children.
Lee MC, Lin LH, Hung KL, Wu HY.
Department of Pediatrics, Cathay General Hospital, 280, Section 4, Jen-Ai Road, Taipei, Taiwan.
3. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2003 Apr 1;17(7):895-904. 
A randomized controlled trial of a probiotic, VSL#3, on gut transit and symptoms in diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome. Kim HJ, Camilleri M, McKinzie S, Lempke MB, Burton DD, Thomforde GM, Zinsmeister AR.
Clinical Enteric Neuroscience Translational & Epidemiological Research Program, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.
4.Gastroenterology. 2000 Aug;119(2):305-9. 
Oral bacteriotherapy as maintenance treatment in patients with chronic pouchitis: a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Gionchetti P, Rizzello F, Venturi A, Brigidi P, Matteuzzi D, Bazzocchi G, Poggioli G, Miglioli M, Campieri M.

 

Microbiotic supplements should be taken on a full stomach (just before or with food ), thus minimizing gastric acidity levels and allowing for a safer passage of the bacteria to the intestines.


Only a small number of micro-organisms can survive low acidic pH and that the stomach's pH is as low as 1.0-2.0 on an empty stomach and goes up to pH 5.0-6.0 levels immediately after food. In order to restore or maintain healthy intestinal flora, probiotics strains should be able to at least survive in a pH 4.0 gastric solution for a period of 3 hours without suffering concentration loss (as Udo’s Choice’s strains do).

 

In order to maintain healthy intestinal flora, Microbiotic Supplements should be taken every day, on a full stomach. By regularly supplying the intestinal tract with beneficial bacteria, this will help maintain a well-balanced flora, reinforce the immune system and prevent harmful bacteria from colonizing the gut.

Excipients, also called fillers, are non-active ingredients, such as maltodextrin Excipients, also called fillers, are non-active ingredients, such as maltodextrin from potato starch, used in probiotic supplements in order to standardize bacteria concentration per dose.potato starch, used in probiotic supplements in order to standardize bacteria concentration per dose.

Transient strains are strains that do not fix themselves inside the intestinal tract (for example those from dairy origin: L. bulgaricus and S. thermophilus used in the production of yogurt). While they will culture during their passage through the intestines, they will not, as strains from human origin do, implant in the gut by fixing themselves on specific receptor sites.

Yogurt is traditionally made with ‘’transient’’ strains from dairy origin (usually 2 strains: L. bulgaricus and S. thermophilus) with low bacteria concentration and short shelf life (4-6 weeks). Moreover, Yogurt rarely contains bifidobacteria, which are essential when addressing lower bowel conditions. Additional microbiotics are often added to yoghurt. Common ones are Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus casei, and Bifidus, all of which may help to maintain the balance of bacteria needed to boost the immune system and promote a healthy digestive tract.
 
On the other end, microbiotics (supplements) can contain a larger variety of strains, from human and dairy origin, covering both the small and large intestines and with high concentrations per dose far exceeding those found in Yogurt. Shelf life is also better as Probiotic Supplements will keep their full potency up to 24 months when kept in appropriate storage conditions.

 

Nothing they are the same thing. They are both a term used to describe live beneficial bacteria found in the gut.

 

Microbiotics, also known as ‘’friendly bacteria’’, are active live bacteria found in yoghurt, other dairy products and in supplement form that help restore and maintain healthy intestinal flora. Microbiotics can alter the composition of organisms in the gut microbiome. Prebiotics are non-digestible plant fibre that nourishes the growth of good bacteria in the large intestine or colon.  While microbiotics introduce good bacteria into the gut, prebiotics act as a fertilizer for the good bacteria that’s already there. Examples of prebiotics are: oats, bananas, garlic, onion, leek, asparagus, sauerkraut, Jerusalem artichokes and chicory root.

Most of the strains in today’s microbiotics will either be from dairy or human origin. Their main difference resides in the fact that strains from dairy origin are ‘’transient’’ and do not implant in the gut while strains from human origin do. It is also of interest to know that bifidobacteria strains found in the large intestine are from human origin and that lactobacilli strains in the small intestine can either be from dairy or human origin.

Lactobacilli and Bifidobacteria represent the two most important families of Lactic Acid Bacteria found in humans. Both contribute to maintain healthy intestinal flora and maximize immune system functions. The main difference between the two families resides in the fact that Lactobacilli are mostly found in the small intestine while Bifidobacteria are located in the colon. In that sense, it is important to note that a ‘’complete’’ microbiotic formulation should contain strains from both families in order to have a variety of probiotic strains allowing to cover the entire intestinal tract.

Udo's Choice Ultimate Oil Blend is available in two sizes, 250ml and 500ml. The 500ml bottle generally lasts from ten days to one month, depending on the amount taken. A normal daily amount is around one to three tablespoons, taken at one time or spread through the day according to preference. It may be added to food and drink so is convenient to use during meal times, and our Recipe Page will give you some ideas.

You can also obtain Udo's Choice Ultimate Oil Blend in capsule form. Available in jars of 90 capsules this allows you to maintain the benefits of a regular Udo's Choice Ultimate Oil Blend regime while away from home. Normal amount to take is 2 or 3 capsules three times per day with meals.

If you've read our Foundation vs Supplements page you'll already know that capsules are only there as a supplement to a good foundation of oil. This is why for most people we recommend using Udo's Choice Ultimate Oil Blend as a food oil, rather than as a capsule supplement.

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